German packaging waste (middle)

Organization and Operation DSD is a non-profit non-profit organization composed of nearly 100 production and sales companies and enjoys the tax exemption provided by the packaging regulations. The company has more than 300 employees. The three-member board of directors is responsible for the specific operations. It has three representatives representing packaging companies, packaging companies, sales shops, and waste management departments to form the supervisory body with the highest authority. In addition, an advisory committee is formed by political circles, business circles, research institutes and consumer organizations to mediate the work of the company as a medium for DSD and various social groups.
The DSD recycling company's nationwide recycling system is based on its contract with more than 500 private and waste management companies. It is a model that is not subject to geographical restrictions. At the same time, DSD is a privately owned organization that serves the public interest. Under the premise of national environmental policy requirements, in the form of fee-based operations, the interests of all parties in the local government, waste management departments, and recycling companies are coordinated, and the responsibilities and responsibilities of all parties are clearly defined so that the recovery can be carried out smoothly.
DSD company issued a "green dot" logo for the packaging companies and importers entrusting them with the recycling of packaging waste and charged them. Charges are calculated according to the weight, volume and area of ​​the different types of recycled waste packaging.
On a weight basis: 150.8 cents per kilogram of plastic packaging; 107.3 cents per kilogram of composite packaging; 86.4 cents per kilogram of beverage cardboard box; 76.6 cents per kilogram of aluminum packaging; It costs 28.6 cents per kilogram of tin cans; 20.4 cents per kilogram of paper/board packaging; 10.2 cents per kilogram of natural packaging; and 7.6 cents per kilogram of glass. From January 2002, the above fees have dropped by 11%.
Calculated by volume: <50 to 200 ml, charge 0.05 to 0.31 cent;> 200 ml to 3L, charge 0.36 to 0.46 cent;> 3L, charge 0.61 cent.
Calculated by area: <150 square centimeters to 300 square centimeters, charging 0.05 to 0.20 cents;> 300 square centimeters to 1600 square centimeters, charging 0.31 cents;> 1600 square centimeters, charging 0.46 cents Minute.
After packaging companies and importers and trading companies fill out the form, they can use the “Green Point” logo registered with DSD. By the year 2000, DSD had owned 17,900 companies using its “green dot” logo, recovered 340 million tons of packaging waste, and carried out recycling, recycling and disposal.
DSD company recycling marks are used only on disposable sales packaging. Reusable packaging, such as beer bottles do not use the "green dot" logo, but by paying a "deposit" method for recycling. For packaging wastes with the "Green Dot" logo printed on them, DSD companies recycle them through "send" and "take" systems. For large amounts of glass (separated by green, white, brown), paper and cardboard waste, and corner waste, the company uses the “send” system to send the vehicle to the recycling processing company for recycling through the use of bins and bags. Recycling; For scattered packaging waste, the company sets up garbage collection bins (buckets) near residential and pedestrian corridors. The bins (barrels) are available in three sizes: large, medium, and small, and are selected according to need; bins (bins) Also divided into different colors, waste collection, blue bins (barrels) to collect cartons boxes, yellow bins (barrels) to collect all kinds of waste light packaging, such as plastics, composites, tin cans, cans and Other waste packaging, Grey or brown bins (buckets) collect other debris.
Green Point’s average recycling of waste from residents in 2001 was 76.6 kg. Among them, glass packaging 30.0kg, light packaging 27.91kg, paper/cardboard packaging 18.7kg.
DSD two-way system for the recycling of packaging waste recycling operation description: Its use of recycling circle: packaging product manufacturers → sell the packaging to the production company for packaging or filling, the production company to pay a green point fee to the two-way system → production companies Disposable packaging products can be printed with green dot logos → handed over to the store for sale → consumer purchases → post-consumer scrap packaging Recycling by the Green Point company using its investment in a garbage bin → recycling companies contracted by Green Point or contractors will be scrapped After the material is collected, it is transported to the recycling plant → the production of recycled raw materials (or made into other products) → return to the manufacturer of the packaged product to produce recycled products.
Separation and recycling of waste paper In Germany, 75% of waste paper is newspapers and magazines, and 25% are paper and cardboard. In 1999, 214.6kg/person/year was recovered, which has good economic value for recycling. After the “send” and “take” systems were recovered, they were used in the past. The automatic waste paper sorting line is now used for sorting. After the waste paper is shredded, it is separated by weight (specific gravity) so that it can be sent to the company. The quality of recycled pulp after paper mills. If waste newspapers and magazines are mixed with 5% paper/paperboard, it will seriously affect the quality of high-grade pulp. Therefore, Germany has high requirements for the quality of sorting, and it is stipulated that the mixed paper must not exceed 1.25%. (To be continued)

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